If we want to give extra information about a noun, and an adjective (Unit 64) is not enough, we can use a relative clause. Relative clauses often begin with one of the relative pronouns: who, which, that, where and whose.


For people, begin the relative clause with who or that:

I know a man who cooked at the Calgary Tower restaurant.
He cooked.

Do you know the woman that can help us?
She can help us.


For things, begin the relative clause with which or that:

I want a knife that can cut through this tough meat.
It can cut through tough meat.

The two knives which were in the drawer are dull.
They are dull.


For places, begin the relative clause with where:

In Calgary there are restaurants where you can bring your own wine.
They allow you to bring your own wine there.


For GENITIVE (Unit 49), begin the relative clause with whose:

Do you know the man whose daughter is a hostess?
His daughter is a hostess.


We can leave out the relative pronoun:

if it is an OBJECT PRONOUN (Unit 50)

The restaurant - I go to serves authentic Mexican cuisine. (I go to It.)
The chefs - I know are very talented. (I know them.)

if the first verb in the relative clause is be.

Did you see the man - standing by the door? (who was standing)
The boy - knocked down by the car was John. (who was knocked)

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Exercise 60.1